Плацебо и ноцебо: правила самоизлечения

Лисса_плацебо_механизм_работы

Если вы пропустили это выступление доктора Лиссы Ранкин на TEDx, никогда не поздно спокойно и внимательно послушать / посмотреть / прочесть в этом тексте сейчас. В нем описаны с точки зрения науки механизмы чудесного самоисцеления от любых болезней (включая рак на последней стадии) или внезапной смерти от «сглаза».

Зожник приводит текст этого важного выступления Лиссы (с подзаголовками, редактурой, ссылками и картинками).

Может ли сознание исцелить тело? И если да, то имеются ли доказательства, чтобы убедить врачей-скептиков вроде меня? Эти вопросы двигали мои исследования последних лет. И я сделала открытие, что научные круги, медицинские учреждения за последние 50 лет доказали, что сознание может исцелить тело. Это называется «эффект плацебо».

Наука — о самоисцелении

Мы десятилетиями пытались его перехитрить. Эффект плацебо — заноза в теле медицинской практики. Это неприятная правда, которая стоит между внедрением
новых видов лечения, новых хирургических методов в медицинской практике.

Но я думаю, что это скорее хорошая новость, потому, что это железное доказательство того, что тело содержит внутренние механизмы восстановления, приводящие к тому, что с телом случается немыслимое.

Если вам кажется это удивительным, и вам тяжело поверить в самоисцеление,
вам стоит посмотреть The Spontaneous Remission Project, базу данных составленную Institute of Noetic Sciences (Институтом абстрактных наук). Это более 3 500 случаев, описанных в медицинской литературе, пациентов, выздоровевших после так называемых, «неизлечимых» болезней.

Вы будете потрясены, если взглянете на эту базу данных. В ней — всё: четвертая стадия рака исчезла без лечения, ВИЧ-позитивные пациенты стали ВИЧ-негативными, сердечная, почечная недостаточность, диабет, гипертония, заболевания щитовидной железы, автоиммунные заболевания исчезли.

Случай «мистера Райта»

Это известный случай, изученный в 1957 году, с которым вы могли наверняка встречаться в русскоязычном интернете. У больного так называемого «мистера Райта» (судя по источникам, имя пациента — условное, — прим. Зожника) была запущенная форма лимфосаркомы. Дела пациента шли не очень хорошо, времени у него оставалось мало: опухоли размером с апельсин в подмышках, на шее, в грудной и брюшной полостях. Печень и селезенка были увеличены, в легких набиралось по 2 литра мутной жидкости каждый день, их нужно было дренировать, чтобы он мог дышать.

Но мистер Райт не терял надежды. Он узнал о замечательном лекарстве «Кребиозен» и умолял своего доктора: «Пожалуйста, назначьте мне Кребиозен, и все наладится».
Его лечащий врач доктор Уэст не мог этого сделать по причине новизны и недостаточной изученности нового лекарства. Но мистер Райт был настойчив и не сдавался, он продолжал клянчить лекарство, пока доктор не согласился назначить Кребиозен.

Кребиозен

Демонстрация за скорейшее распространение нового чудесного лекарства от рака — Кребиозен, оказавшегося после испытаний пустышкой.

Он назначил дозу на пятницу следующей недели. Надеясь, что мистер Райт не дотянет и до понедельника. Но к назначенному часу тот был на ногах и даже прогуливался по палате. Пришлось давать ему лекарство.

Через 10 дней опухоли Райта уменьшились вдвое от прежнего размера. Прошла еще пара недель после начала приема Кребиозена и они совсем исчезли. Райт танцевал от радости как сумасшедший и верил, что Кребиозен — чудесное лекарство, которое вылечило его!

Так продолжалось целых два месяца, пока не вышел полный медицинский отчет о Кребиозене, в котором говорилось, что лечебный эффект этого препарата не доказан. Мистер Райт впал в депрессию, и рак вернулся.

Доктор Уэст решил схитрить и объяснил своему пациенту: «Тот Кребиозен был недостаточно хорошо очищен. Он был плохого качества. Но сейчас у нас есть сверхчистый, концентрированный Кребиозен. И это то, что надо!»

Затем Райту сделали инъекцию плацебо. И его опухоли снова исчезли, а жидкость из легких ушла. Больной снова стал веселиться. Все 2 месяца до тех пор, пока Медицинская Ассоциация Америки все не испортила, опубликовав общенациональный отчет, который определенно доказывал, что Кребиозен бесполезен.

Через два дня после того, как Райт услышал эту новость, он умер. Умер, несмотря на то, что за неделю до смерти сам управлял собственным легкомоторным самолетом!

«Ноцебо» — противоположность плацебо

Вот еще один известный медицине случай, который выглядит как сказка. Родились три девочки. Роды принимала акушерка, в пятницу 13-го и она стала утверждать, что все дети, рожденные в этот день, подвержены порче. «Первая, — сказала она, — умрет до своего 16-летия. Вторая — до 21 года. Третья — до 23 лет».

И, как выяснилось позже, первая девочка умерла за день до своего 16-летия, вторая — до 21 года. А третья, зная, что случилось с двумя предыдущими, за день до своего 23-го дня рождения попала в больницу с гипервентиляционным синдромом и спрашивала врачей: «Я ведь выживу?» Той же ночью она умерла.

Эти два случая из медицинской литературы — отличные примеры эффекта плацебо и его противоположности — ноцебо.

Когда мистера Райта вылечила дистиллированная вода — это хороший пример эффекта плацебо. Вам предлагают инертную терапию — и она каким-то образом работает, хотя никто не может этого объяснить.

Эффект ноцебо — противоположный. Эти три девочки, которых «сглазили» — яркий тому пример. Когда разум верит, что что-то плохое может случиться, это становится реальностью.

Измеримые результаты действия плацебо

Медицинские издания, журналы, Новый Английский Медицинский журнал, журнал Медицинской Ассоциации Америки, — все они полны свидетельств эффекта плацебо.

Когда людям говорят, что им дают эффективное лекарство, но вместо этого вводят инъекции физраствора или дают пилюли с обычным сахаром, это часто оказывается даже более эффективно, чем настоящая хирургия. В 18-80% случаев люди выздоравливают!

И дело тут не только в том, что им кажется, что они чувствуют себя лучше. Они на самом деле чувствуют себя лучше и это измеримо. С помощью современных приборов мы можем наблюдать, что происходит в телах пациентов, принявших плацебо. Их язвы затягиваются, симптомы воспаления кишечника уменьшаются, бронихолы — расширяются, а клетки начинают выглядеть иначе под микроскопом. То, что это происходит, легко подтвердить.

Мне нравятся исследования Рогейн. Есть группа лысых парней, вы даете им плацебо — и у них начинают расти волосы.

Или обратный эффект. Вы даете им плацебо, называете это химиотерапией — и людей начинает рвать, у них выпадают волосы!

Доктор и медработники – это тоже плацебо (или ноцебо)

Но действительно ли к этим результатам приводит только лишь сила позитивного мышления? Нет, считает ученый из Гарварда Тэд Каптчук. Он считает, что самое существенное — это уход и забота, обеспечиваемые медработником, влияют больше, чем позитивное мышление. В некоторых исследованиях говорится, что на самом деле доктор — это плацебо.

Тэд Капчук наблюдал пациентов, которые получали плацебо в качестве лечебной терапии. И он говорил им: «Это плацебо и в нем нет ничего, нет активного вещества». Но они все равно выздоравливали. Большинство, как и допускал Каптчук, благодаря заботе и уходу, они хотели и они делали что-то и чувствовали, что о них заботятся.

У тела имеется естественный внутренний механизм восстановления, но научная база доказывает, что нужна забота и уход медработника, вроде целителя, для облегчения процесса.

Нелегко справиться с болезнью в одиночку и есть большая разница, когда кто-то поддерживает эту уверенность. Но проблема в том, что доктор может быть как плацебо, так и ноцебо.

Что пациентам нужно от нас, медработников? Им необходимо, чтоб мы были силой исцеления, а не страха или пессимизма. Потому когда доктор говорит: «У вас неизлечимая болезнь, вы обречены принимать эти лекарства всю оставшуюся жизнь». Или «У вас рак. Вам осталось жить 5 лет». Это все равно как та акушерка сказала тем трём новорождённым, что их сглазили.

Как врачи, мы хотим быть реалистами, понимаете? Когда мы даём людям информацию, которую, мы полагаем, им стоит знать, но в действительности мы можем навредить.

Вместо этого врачам стоит уподобиться доктору Уэсту — даём дистиллированную воду. «Мистер Райт, я обещаю, это поможет вам».

Пирамида здоровья

О чем свидетельствуют эффекты плацебо и ноцебо в чистом виде? Можем ли мы что-то сделать без клинических испытаний?

Моя гипотеза говорит: чтобы исцелять себя, чтобы быть оптимально здоровым, нам нужно не просто хорошая диета, регулярные упражнения, высыпаться, принимать витамины, следовать назначениям врача. Это всё хорошо, критично и важно.

Но также я убедилась, что нам нужны здоровые отношения, здоровая рабочая обстановка и творческая жизнь, здоровая духовная жизнь, здоровая сексуальная жизнь, финансовое здоровье, окружающая среда. Наконец, мы нуждаемся в здоровом рассудке.

Я так хотела доказать это, что нашла литературу и обширные данные, которые доказывали, что всё это существенно и изменили моё мнение. Я собрала их в моей грядущей книге «Разум превыше медицины: учёные доказали, ты исцеляешь себя».
Хочу представить вам ключевые аспекты этого. Как вам видно из всей этой пирамиды здоровья все грани построены на фундаменте, который я назвала внутренний фитиль.

пирамида здоровья

Для меня важна ваша подлинная часть, которая знает, что есть истинно для вас. Это желание донести правду до вас может не касаться вашей жизни, и камни в пирамиде вашего здоровья могут быть не сбалансированы.

Я разместила тело и физическое здоровье сверху пирамиды. Потому, что это самое непрочное, самое шаткое, наиболее легко поддающееся разрушению, если что-то в вашей жизни складывается плохо. Из медицинских данных я обнаружила, что отношения имеют значение. Люди с крепким кругом общения имеют вполовину меньше сердечных болезней, в сравнении с теми, кто одинок.

Семейные пары имеют вдвое больше шансов прожить дольше, чем не состоящие в браке. Исцеление своего одиночества — это самая важная профилактическая мера, которую можно предпринять для своего тела. Это действенней, чем бросить курить или делать зарядку.

Духовная жизнь имеет значение. Прихожане церквей живут в среднем на 14 лет больше.

Работа имеет значение. Можно до смерти заработаться. В Японии это называется кароши. Смерть от переутомления на работе. Пережившие кароши, могут подавать иск о возмещении ущерба. И не только в Японии, очень часто такое происходит в США, но мы не получаем компенсации за это. Согласно исследованию, люди, которые не берут отпусков, в 3 раза чаще страдают сердечными заболеваниями.

Счастливые люди живут на 7-10 лет дольше, чем несчастные, а вероятность сердечных заболеваний для оптимиста на 77% меньше, чем для оптимиста.

Как это работает?

Что такого случается в мозгу, что изменяет тело? Вот это изумляет меня. Я обнаружила, что мозг общается с клетками тела посредством гормонов и нейротрансмиттеров. Например, негативные мысли и убеждения мозг определяет как угрозу.

Вы одиноки или пессимист, что-то не так на работе, проблемные отношения и миндалина кричит: «Угроза! Угроза!» Включается гипоталамус, затем гипофиз, который сообщается с надпочечниками, которые начинают выплёскивать гормоны стресса-кортизол, норадреналин, адреналин. Включается, как её называет Уолтер Кеннет из Гарварда, реакция стресса. Что включает симпатическую нервную систему, приводит вас в состояние «бей или беги», которое защищает, если вы бежите от горного льва.
Но в повседневной жизни, в случае угрозы возникает та быстрая стрессовая реакция, которая должна отключаться, когда опасность миновала. Но в нашем случае этого не происходит.

К счастью, есть противовес в механизме релаксации, который описал Герберт Бенсон из Гарвардского университета. И когда меняется направление, стрессовая реакция выключается, и включается парасимпатическая нервная система, исцеляющие гормоны, такие как окситоцин, допамин, окись азота, эндорфины, наполняют тело и очищают каждую клеточку.

Наиболее удивительно что естественный механизм самовосстановления включается только когда нервная система расслаблена. Поэтому в стрессовой ситуации все механизмы самозащиты не включаются. Тело слишком занято, пытаясь бороться или бежать, а не исцелять.

Когда ты задумываешься об этом, ты спрашиваешь себя: как я могу изменить баланс своего тела?

Один отчёт показывает, что в среднем каждый день у нас более 50 стрессовых ситуаций. Если вы одиноки, в депрессии, недовольны своей работой, или у вас плохие отношения с партнёром, число как минимум удваивается.

Поэтому реакция релаксации, как считают исследователи объясняет эффект плацебо. Поэтому, когда вы принимаете новое чудесное лекарство, вы не знаете, плацебо это или нет. Таблетка запускает механизм релаксации, сочетание позитивного настроя и должной заботы медработника расслабляет нервную систему.

И тогда включается тот естественный механизм самоисцеления. К счастью, вам не надо участвовать в клинических испытаниях, чтобы включить процесс релаксации. Есть много простых и приятных способов запустить механизм релаксации. И это доказано исследованиями.

Можно:

  • медитировать,
  • творчески выражать себя,
  • сделать массаж,
  • заняться йогой или тайцзи,
  • выйти погулять с друзьями,
  • заняться любимым делом,
  • сексом,
  • можно посмеяться,
  • сделать зарядку,
  • поиграть с животными.

Я прошу обдумать вашу собственную пирамиду здоровья. Какие кирпичики не сбалансированы в ней? Каждый из кирпичиков может быть фактором, создающим стрессовую ситуацию или релаксацию. Как увеличить количество релаксаций в вашем теле?

И самое важное: что необходимо вашему телу, чтобы исцелять себя? Какое предписание вам необходимо? Хватит ли у вас смелости признать правду, что ваш внутренний источник уже знает?

Я думаю, что наша система здравоохранения — в ужасном состоянии, в основном потому что мы забыли о способности тела исцелять. Медицинские учреждения слишком высокомерны. Мы привыкли думать, что со всеми современными технологиями, всеми знаниями прошлых столетий, мы овладели природой и отказываемся думать, что природа иногда может быть лучше нашей медицины.

Мы должны принять ответственность за своё тело, ваше сознание обладает огромной силой, взаимодействовать с телом и исцелять его. Всё начинается с вас.
Будьте любовью, которую вам хочется видеть в здравоохранении.

И я верю, чудеса случатся. Как только вы это сделали, высвободился окситоцин, допамин, началось самоисцеление.

 

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Плацебо и ноцебо: правила самоизлечения: 125 комментариев

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    Beautiful quiet 1-room apartment / kitchen / bath / WC / SAT-TV / Internet / washing machine In the countryside, comfortable, at the end of a cul-de-sac, bright quiet 1-room apartment with separate, private entrance. The apartment was completely renovated in May 2018 and refurbished. Parking is available on the public road and are always available. The apartment has a 40 inch satellite TV, a washing machine, as well as internet (wi-fi) for a small fee. An iron and ironing board are also available. In the kitchen you will find an oven with ceramic hob, a dishwasher, a refrigerator with 4-star freezer, a coffee machine, kettle and a toaster. The chocolate «shop» factory outlet of the world-famous brand Ritter Sport as well as the Ritter Museum and the Ritter Museums-Café can be reached after about 450 meters or 6 minutes on foot. For nature lovers, the beautiful Schönbuch forest invites you right outside the front door to walks or hikes. Waldenbuch is located on the northern edge of the forest and the natural park Schönbuch about 17 km south of Stuttgart and has about 8500 inhabitants. It is about 14 km to Böblingen, 19 km to Tübingen and about 12 km to the Messe Stuttgart. Idyllically located in the valley, Waldenbuch today radiates a special charm with its half-timbered houses, fountains and seasons in the historic old town center. Both the town church of St. Veit with its 36 meter high church tower and the beautiful castle delight the guests. 24h check-in by arrangement possible Food discounters such as Lidl, DM drugstore market, penny market and beverage market can be reached on foot in about 5 to 20 minutes. Due to the quiet but central location of the apartment is by car in a short time in Stuttgart, Tübingen, Esslingen, Böblingen the outlet city Metzingen or Sindelfingen.

  75. Уведомление: facebook post tool

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